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2007-Volume 1, Number 1

作者: 文章来源: 更新时间:2010年10月25日

 

 

Journal of Modern Chinese History
VOLUME 1 NUMBER 1 AUGUST 2007

 

CONTENTS

 

Editorial

Foreword to the premier issue

 

Articles

Mao Zedong and Zhou Enlai at the dawn of the People’s Republic
Jin Chongji

 

The evolution of the Chinese Communist Party’s policy on the bourgeoisie
(1949–1952)
Yang Kuisong

 

Picturing knowledge: Chinese brushwork illustrations of Western natural history in a late Qing periodical, 1907–1911
Ching May-bo

 

Review Essays

Modern Chinese history without ‘‘modernity’’: Paul A. Cohen’s three dogmas and the logical contradictions of the ‘‘China-centred approach’’
Xia Mingfang

 

A study of the origins of the Chinese communist movement from a new perspective – The History of the Establishment of the Chinese Communist Party by Ishikawa Yoshihiro
Li Danyang and Liu Jianyi

 

Commentary

Studies of Chiang Kai-shek by mainland scholars since the 1980s
Huang Daoxuan

 

Academic Lecture

The historiography of colonial modernity: Chinese history between Eurocentric hegemony and nationalism
Arif Dirlik

 

Book Reviews

 

Notes on Contributors

 

 

 

Mao Zedong and Zhou Enlai at the dawn of the People’s Republic
Jin Chongji

Party Literature Research Centre, CCCPC, Beijing 

 

As the founders of the People’s Republic of China, Mao Zedong and Zhou Enlai dedicated themselves to the construction of the new country. Mao Zedong drew up the overall strategies for China and Zhou Enlai was responsible for their concrete implementation. They had good working relations. At the same time, Mao and Zhou had different opinions and disagreed on certain issues, as it was natural to have different perspectives and thinking. Despite sharing a common objective to carry out a socialist modernization, they slightly disagreed on priorities.
 

 

The evolution of the Chinese Communist Party’s policy on the bourgeoisie (1949–1952)
Yang Kuisong

History Department, Peking University, Beijing 

 

From its very beginning, the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) had a shifting policy towards the bourgeoisie. Until the early 1940s, it maintained a relatively stable policy which successfully isolated the monied classes in China and helped it overthrow the rule of the KMT. But with the establishment of the new regime, the CCP Central Committee came under conflicting pressures: on the one hand it continued its former policy out of political expediency; on the other hand, based on traditional socialist political theory and Soviet experience, it kept a close watch on the bourgeoisie and even proposed targeting them as the chief enemy of next revolution. After the establishment of the PRC, as a result of the failing economy and the new government’s lack of economic support and political experience, the CCP firmed up its policies on the bourgeoisie. However, with the bourgeoisie and capitalism still prominent elements in Chinese society, the communists became uncertain about which direction to take. As the CCP Central Committee had anticipated, officials of both the party and the government often gave way to corruption after taking over major cities. The Central Committee regarded this particular combination of money and power as a ‘‘violent attack’’ against the new communist regime by the bourgeoisie as a whole. In order to tighten its grip on national power, the Central Committee launched two anti-corruption movements known as the Three-Antis and the Five-Antis. These movements were in fact aimed at the bourgeoisie as a whole, and succeeded in destroying the basis for capitalist business in the New China. Encouraged by this outcome, the CCP launched a policy of socialist transformation aimed at depriving Chinese capitalists of their means of production. Thus the CCP gradually and inevitably moved away from its original policy of cooperation with the national bourgeoisie.

 

 

Picturing knowledge: Chinese brushwork illustrations of Western natural history

in a late Qing periodical, 1907–1911
Ching May-bo

Centre for Historical Anthropology, Department of History, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 

 

In recent years, a number of studies have examined the introduction of Western learning into China after the late nineteenth century. Many of these works discuss how Chinese sholarship might have been reshaped by Western classification and structure of knowledge, and ask how it absorbed and adopted the vocabulary and language of Western learning. While defining the newly emerged idea of ‘‘national essence’’, late Qing Chinese literati, notably the members of the Society for Preserving National Learning, also tried to incorporate Western scientific knowledge, as they understood and perceived it, into the framework of Chinese learning. From 1907–1911, more than a hundred botanical and zoological illustrations, drawn more or less according to Western scientific norm, appeared in Guocui xuebao, a journal published by the Society for Preserving National Learning. These pictures are an indication of the attempts made by late Qing Chinese literati to integrate Chinese and Western scholarship. Focusing on these drawings, this paper examines how the painter Cai Shou might have adopted and applied the natural history knowledge and the drawing techniques he acquired through various means. It also asks with what ideal late Qing and early Republican Chinese literati might have identified themselves.

 

Studies of Chiang Kai-shek by mainland scholars since the 1980s
Huang Daoxuan

 Institute of Modern History, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Beijing

 


Chiang Kai-shek was one of the most influential leaders of twentieth-century China. Since the 1980s, perceptions of Chiang in mainland academic circles have been continually sharpened. As an important subject of research for the history of modern China, Chiang has increasingly emerged from the shadows as a real figure. The extent to which scholars can make an in-depth, objective and comprehensive study of Chiang will have a direct relationship to the progress made in the study of the history of the Republic of China, the Chinese revolution, and modern and contemporary China. It will also determine the depth of our understanding of many important issues both past and present. Armed with a broader knowledge of Chiang and modern Chinese history, scholars and historians now face the larger challenge of setting the new image of Chiang in the context of the development of modern China.



上一篇:2007-Volume 1, Number 2

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