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2018-Volume 12, Number 2

作者: 文章来源:本站 更新时间:2019年09月27日

Journal of Modern Chinese History

VOLUME 12 NUMBER 2 December 2018

 

CONTENTS

 

Articles: The Transformation of Media in Modern China

Rethinking Media History in Modern China: The Cases of Lithography, Slide Shows, the Telegraph, and Motion Pictures

May Bo CHING

 

Pictures and Music from Stone: The Indigenization of Lithography in Modern China, 1876-1945

XIE Xin; May Bo CHING

ABSTRACT: Lithography, which originated in Germany, was introduced into China by European missionaries in the nineteenth century. Inexpensive and uncomplicated, it quickly became an important medium for disseminating knowledge throughout a century of social change in modern China. The indigenization of this foreign technology in China was constantly shaped by and in turn shaped a variety of factors such as equipment, materials, human agency, and the market. This new method of printing enabled Chinese publishers to disseminate information and knowledge vividly and introduced Chinese elements into the printing of images and musical notation.

KEYWORDS: Lithography, science magazines, illustrated newspaper, calendar posters, Chinese musical notation

 

The Early Slide Projector and Slide Shows in China from the Late Seventeenth to the Early Twentieth Century

SUN Qing

ABSTRACT: In the mid-seventeenth century, Europeans invented the early slide projector, which was later introduced to China both by Jesuit missionaries and through foreign trade. By the nineteenth century, this “Western instrument” had become an important aid in Protestant missionaries’ “scientific preaching,” and its use had spread throughout China; slides and the slide show became a major medium for disseminating modern knowledge. Against the background of the global circulation of knowledge in the period from the seventeenth century to the nineteenth century, complex interactions occurred between local resources in China and this medium in terms of denotation, production, use, and diffusion. Modern educational technologies and patterns involving the projector and slides became popular at church speeches, at public lectures in treaty ports, and in modern school education in China. Changes also occurred in how Chinese intellectuals gathered and in the role they played: they shifted from forming their own associations to holding open slide presentations. This had a profound influence on their transition from literati to intellectuals.

KEYWORDS: Magic lantern, slide projector, scientific preaching, modern education, knowledge production

 

The Grammar of the Telegraph in the Late Qing: The Design and Application of Chinese Telegraphic Codebooks

ZHANG Wenyang

ABSTRACT: The invention of the telegraph was an important chapter in the nineteenth-century revolution in communication. The key to disseminating information at the speed of photoelectricity was to devise a coding system for converting text into electric signals. Based on the widely used Morse code, symbols (letters of the alphabet or numbers) were used to represent phrases and sentences, and various codebooks were compiled for the purpose of transmitting messages confidentially and economically. When international telegraph lines reached China in 1871, the Great Northern Telegraph Company of Denmark devised the first Chinese codebook for sending and receiving telegraphic messages in Chinese. Officials and businessmen in the late Qing period also made many attempts to do this. The Zongli Yamen, the foreign affairs ministry in imperial China, compiled and issued a codebook entitled New Regulations for Telecommunications (Dianxin xinfa), establishing a new mechanism for governmental exchanges of information. Those who did not possess a codebook had to rely on those who did. At the same time, some departments and government-controlled corporations (guandu shangban) compiled codebooks as well, which caused obstructions in intrabureaucratic communication.

KEYWORDS: Telegraph, Chinese codebooks, New Regulations for Telecommunications (Dianxin xinfa), Zongli Yamen, information exchange mechanisms

 

From Motion Pictures to Still Photographs: A Case Study of A Page in the History of the Republic

HUANG Jianmin

ABSTRACT: China’s pioneering filmmaker Li Minwei began making the documentary film A Page in the History of the Chinese Republic (Jianguo shi zhi yi ye), aka The Glorious Cause (Xun ye qianqiu), shortly before the start of the Northern Expedition, but did not complete the film until the end of WWII. During these two decades, the Chinese motion picture industry underwent the transition from silent films to films with sound. This technical evolution made it possible for Li’s documentary to be reedited, dubbed, and used as a source for still photographs. During this process, the film was used to produce varied historical narratives to appeal to different audiences. By focusing on the production history of this documentary film rather than the finished filmic text, this study offers an alternative approach to the study of media history.

KEYWORDS: Documentary film, Sun Yat-sen, Li Minwei, Jianguo shi zhi yi ye, Xun ye qianqiu

 

Interview

Giving Voice to the Voiceless People in Local Society: An interview with Wang Di, June 6, 2018

WANG Di; LIU Wennan

 

Special Collection

Digital Data and Historical Studies: An Introduction to the Data Platform of the Anti-Japanese War and Modern Sino-Japanese Relations

JIANG Tao

ABSTRACT: Built by the Institute of Modern History at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, the Data Platform of the Anti-Japanese War and Modern Sino-Japanese Relations is an integrative platform that upholds the ideals of public interest and sharing. Since its online trial use in the second half of 2017, this data platform has added about four hundred late Qing and Republican era newspapers, more than eight hundred periodicals from those periods, and more than eight thousand books. It also contains over eight million pages of scanned and catalogued images. Compared with other large databases related to modern Chinese history, this data platform has clear advantages: it has more data and is easier to use. It is an attempt to build a research-oriented integrated database in the age of big data.

KEYWORDS: Data Platform of the Anti-Japanese War and Modern Sino-Japanese Relations, free database, big data

 

Book Reviews

Premodern Beijing and Western Civilization, by OUYANG Zhesheng, Beijing, Peking University Press, 2018, 653 pp., ISBN 978-7-301-29676-9

《古代北京与西方文明》,欧阳哲生著北京:北京大学出版社,2018年。

 

The Relief Campaign after the Eight-Nation Alliance’s Invasion in 1900, by FENG Zhiyang, Beijing, Beijing Normal University Press, 2018, 410 pp., ISBN 978-7-303-23620-6

《庚子救援研究》,冯志阳著,北京:北京师范大学出版社,2018年。

 

Between Locality and Nation: Literati in Wenzhou Prefecture in the Late Qing and the Local Transformation of Knowledge, by XU Jiagui, Shanghai, Fudan University Press, 2018, 559 pp., ISBN 978-7-3091-3619-7

《乡国之际:晚清温州府士人与地方知识转型》,徐佳贵著,上海:复旦大学出版社,2018年。

 

Modern Chinese Magistracies in a Period of Great Change: Individuals and Groups, 1906-1928, by LI Zaiquan, Beijing, Social Sciences Academic Press, 2018, 401 pp., ISBN 978-7-5201-2350-1

《变动时代的法律职业者:中国现代司法官个体与群体(1906-1928)》,李在全著,北京社会科学文献出版社,2018年。

 

The Search for a New Republic: A Study on Thoughts and Activities of Zhang Dongsun at His Early Age (1886-1932), by GAO Bo, Beijing, SDX Joint Publishing Company, 2018, 401 pp., ISBN 978-7-108-06216-1

《追寻新共和:张东荪早期思想与活动研究(1886-1932)》,高波著,北京:生活·读书·新知三联书店,2018

 

Intellection as a Way of Living: Rethinking Modern Chinese Intellectual History, by WANG Fansen, Beijing, Peking University Press, 2018, 364 pp., ISBN 978-730-12-7029-5

《思想是生活的一种方式:中国近代思想史的再思考》,王汎森著,北京:北京大学出版社,2018年。

 

Sacred Labor: The Perspective of Early Chinese Sociology, by WEN Xiang, Beijing, The Commercial Press, 2018, 266 pp., ISBN 978-7-100-15905-0

《劳工神圣——中国早期社会学的视野》,闻翔著,北京商务印书馆,2018年。

 

Creating a Consumer Paradise: Department Stores and the Modern Urban Culture of Shanghai, by LIAN Lingling, Beijing, Social Sciences Academic Press, 2018, 460 pp., ISBN 978-7-5201-2668-7

《打造消费天堂——百货公司与近代上海城市文化》,连玲玲著,北京:社会科学文献出版社,2018年。

 

A Collection of Historical Documents on Taxation in the Republican Period, compiled by WEI Wenxiang, Beijing, National Library of China Publishing House, 2018, 30 vols., 18,000 pp., ISBN 978-7-5013-6318-6

《民国时期税收史料汇编》(全三十册),魏文享主编,北京:国家图书馆出版社,2018年。

 



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